New Hampshire, not New York, ended up being the critical ninth state needed to finalize adoption of the Constitution.  Supporters of the Constitution, however, realized that the new government would be quite tenuous without ratification from the two crucial states of New York and Virginia.  After a contentious battle involving such heavyweights as James Madison and Patrick Henry, Virginia voted to ratify the Constitution on the condition that a bill of rights be added to the Constitution.  One month later, New York gave its seal of approval by a slim majority of 30 yeas to 27 nays.  On September 13, 1788, the Continental Congress passed a resolution to put the new Constitution into operation.  Later, North Carolina and Rhode Island would become the last states to ratify the Constitution.

 
 

Some Interesting Information About the Period

 

RATIFICATION

Order

State

Date

Votes For

Votes Against

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Delaware
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
Georgia
Connecticut
Massachusett
s
Maryland
South Carolina
New Hampshire
Virginia
New York
North Carolina
Rhode Island

December 7, 1787
December 12, 1787
December 18, 1787
January 2, 1788
January 9, 1788
February 6, 1788
April 28, 1788
May 23, 1788
June 21, 1788
June 25, 1788
July 26, 1788
November 21, 1789
May 29, 1790

  30
  46
  38
  26
 128
 187
  63
 149
  57
  89
  30
 194
  34

   0
  23
   0
   0
  40
 168
  11
  73
  47
  79
  27
  77
  32

 

 

 

Official Census of 1790

State

Population

 

State

Population

Connecticut

237,946

 

New Jersey

184,139

Delaware

  59,096

 

New York

340,120

Georgia

  82,548

 

North Carolina

393,751

Maryland

319,728

 

Pennsylvania

434,373

Massachusetts

378,787

 

Rhode Island

  68,825

New Hampshire

141,885

 

South Carolina

249,073

 

 

 

Virginia

691,737

 

Fascinating Facts About The Constitution

 
bullet The U.S. Constitution has 4,400 words. It is the oldest and the shortest written
constitution of any government in the world.
bullet Of the typographical errors in the Constitution, the misspelling of the word
"Pensylvania" above the signers' names is probably the most glaring.
bullet Thomas Jefferson did not sign the Constitution. He was in France during the convention, where he served as the U.S. minister.
bullet Thirty-nine men signed the Constitution.
bullet James Madison, "the father of the Constitution," was the first to arrive in Philadelphia for the Constitutional Convention. He arrived in February, three months before the convention began, bearing the blueprint for the new Constitution.
bullet Patrick Henry was elected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, but declined, because he "smelt a rat."
bullet Because of his poor health, Benjamin Franklin needed help to sign the Constitution. As he did so, tears streamed down his face.
bullet The oldest person to sign the Constitution was Benjamin Franklin (81). The youngest was Jonathan Dayton of New Jersey (26).
bullet When the Constitution was signed, the United States population was 4 million. It is now more than 290 million. Philadelphia was the nation's largest city, with 40,000 inhabitants.
bullet The first state to ratify the Constitution was Delaware, in December, 1787, three months after the framers had adjourned the convention in Philadelphia. When New Hampshire ratified on June 21, 1788, it was the ninth state to do so. By the ratification requirements set forth in Article VII, the Constitution was now officially established.

Jacob Shallus, a Pennsylvania General Assembly clerk, "penned" the Constitution for a fee of $30 ($261.45 today). Governor Morris was responsible for the wording of the Constitution. It was stored in various cities until 1952, when it was placed in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C. During the daytime, pages one and four of the document are displayed in a bullet-proof case. The case contains helium and water vapor to preserve the paper's quality. At night, the pages are lowered into a vault, behind five-ton doors that are designed to withstand a nuclear explosion. The entire Constitution is displayed only one day a year, September 17, the anniversary of the day the framers signed the document