Assignment #1




  1. Why did the Renaissance first begin in Italy?
  2. Why was Florence at the heart of the Italian Renaissance?
  3. What role did the Medici family play in Renaissance Florence?
  4. Regarding humanism:
    - What are the characteristics of humanism?  How was it different
          from medieval scholasticism?    from nominalism?
        - Why is Petrarch considered to be the "Father of Humanism"?
        - Why was Cicero a favorite classical figure of Renaissance
        - What was the goal of a "liberal arts" education?  What were core
          subjects taught?
        - What is meant by the term "civic humanism"?
  5. How did the Italian Renaissance differ from the Renaissance of the 12c?
  6. According to Castiglione, what are the basic attributes of the Renaissance courtier?  How did the values of this courtier influence the development of a modern aristocratic class in Western Europe?
  7. List the qualities of a "Renaissance Man", the l'uomo universale.
  8. List the basic beliefs of the Neo-Platonists.  How did their beliefs differ from the civic humanists?
  9. How were humanists responsible for secularizing and professionalizing the writing of history {historiography}?
  Assignment #2




  1. What were the distinctive characteristics of Renaissance art and architecture?  How were they different from medieval art and Gothic architecture?

  2. Who were the major artists of the Quattrocento and High Renaissance periods?

  3. How were Renaissance artists trained?  What was their status in Renaissance society?  Who was their audience?

  4. What new artistic techniques were introduced by Renaissance artists?

  5. In what ways did Renaissance art and philosophy reinforce each other?

  6. How was the Renaissance artist different in personal style from his medieval predecessors?

  7. How did Renaissance art reflect the political and social events of the period?

  8. How did the artists of the Italian Renaissance incorporate the new intellectual and cultural trends of their time into their art?

  Assignment #3




  1. How do you account for the fact that people in northern Europe seemed to be more concerned about daily devotion and the state of their relationship with God than those in the south?

  2. What were the characteristics of the art of the Northern Renaissance?  How did it reflect the societies of Northern Europe?

  3. How was the Northern Renaissance different from that in Renaissance Italy?

  4. What is meant by the term "Christian humanism"?

  5. What were some of the causes of religious discontent in early 16c Europe?

  6. Explain the role of the veillèe and the impact of the printing press on Northern European art and literature.

  7. What were the major themes expressed in the works of Rabelais, Erasmus, More, Montaigne, and Cervantes?

  8. How do Shakespeare's works reflect Renaissance ideals?

  9. Had you been a contemporary scholar during the Renaissance, what remedies would you have presented for the problems of the church under the leadership of the major Renaissance popes?

  10. How did the development of the printing press contribute to the Renaissance?

  Assignment #4




  1. How did the Renaissance alter the status of women?
  2. Was there a "Renaissance Woman?"
  3. What role was the woman expected to play in Renaissance society as a whole?   within each major socio-economic level?




  1. Textbook Quiz --> chapter 12
  2. Other Quizzes:  A   B 

Outlines / Lecture Notes:

  1. "1300-1815" (Mr. Mercado)
  2. "The Renaissance"
  3. "The Early Renaissance" (Dr. Brent Strong, Brigham Young University)
  4. "The High Renaissance" (Dr. Brent Strong, Brigham Young University)
  5. "The Renaissance in the North" (Dr. Brent Strong, Brigham Young University)
  6. chart --> "A Comparison of the Middle Ages & the Renaissance in Italy"
  7. chart --> "Comparing the Middle Ages, the Renaissance & the Modern World"
  8. lecture outline --> "The Renaissance" (Prof. David McGee, Central Virginia Community College

Review Sheets:

  1. Mine
  2. Giant EHAP Review Sheet by a student from the class of '04, Horace Greeley HS
  3. chart --> "Social History Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)
  4. chart --> "The Rise of Constitutionalism and Liberalism" (Mr. Mercado)



Ten Commandments of Good Historical Writing

College Board A. P. European History Course Description