- textbook --> pp. 600 - 610.
- doc. reader --> pp. 60 - 664; 66 - 68.
- What were some of the major intellectual changes that led to the
- Why did Immanuel Kant, when asked "What is the Enlightenment?"
respond, "Dare to know!"?
- List the major characteristics of the Enlightenment.
- How was the spirit of the 18c Enlightenment drawn from the
scientific and intellectual revolution of the 17c?
- What was the role of the philosophes during the Enlightenment?
How were they different from the great thinkers of the earlier
- Create a CHART which compares the ideas and contributions made to
the thought of the Enlightenment by Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot and
Rousseau [leave a space to fill in the information for Rousseau when
you do assignment #2 below]. Be sure to include a list of their
written works and the themes of these works.
- What made Montesquieu and Voltaire Anglophiles?
- What contributions did The Encyclopédie
made to the development of new ideas during the Enlightenment?
- Who were the philosophes?
- What were the key elements of Quesnay's
economic principles? How did they challenge established
- Identify the major points made by Adam Smith in
his book, The Wealth of Nations.
- How were the physiocrats a reflection of the
larger intellectual trends of the Enlightenment?
- What were the views of Paul d' Holbach? [answer the ques. 2
on p. 68 of the doc. book]. Why did they shock may of his
- What were Condorcert's views on slavery and human progress?
[answer the ques. on p. 89 of the doc. book]
- Identify the major ideas of Jean-Jacques Rousseau [add them to the
chart created above]. In what ways were his ideas unique,
differing dramatically from his predecessors? [answer the ques.
on p. 82 of the doc. book].
- Why could Rousseau be claimed as an intellectual soul mate of both
the liberal strain and the despotic/totalitarian tendencies in Western
- What role did women play in the development of the Enlightenment?
- What were the salons? What role did they play in
facilitating the intellectual atmosphere of the Enlightenment?
- What arguments does Mary Wollstonecraft make on behalf of the
rights of women? [answer the ques. 1-3 on p. 107 of the doc.
- textbook --> pp. 617 - 627.
- doc. reader --> pp. 83 - 84.
- CDs --> samplings of music by Bach, Handel,
Beethovan, Haydn, and Mozart.
- Powerpoint presentation on "Rococo Art."
- What were the characteristics of the Rococo
style of painting and architecture?
- Why did Neoclassicism continue to flourish side-by-side with the
Rococo style during the Enlightenment?
- How did the world of the composer change and evolve during the
- How did the Enlightenment influence the growing popularity of
history? How did Edward Gibbon reflect this change?
- What is the differences between high culture and popular culture?
- What was the main purpose of the privately endowed secondary
schools of the 18c? What was their curriculum like? Why
did some philosophes object to this course of study?
- What were the four broad categories of crimes in the 18c?
Identify the various penal reforms proposed by Cesare Beccaria in his
work, On Crimes and Punishments? [answer ques. 1 & 2 on
p. 86 in the doc. book]
- Why were Carnivals and other festivals so popular in the 18c?
What was their real purpose?
- Why did the elites in Western Europe abandon popular culture to
the lower classes by the 18c?
- Why were there more children in primary schools in Protestant
countries than in Catholic ones during the 18c?
- textbook --> pp. 627 - 632.
- What were the political and economic purposes of
the established Christian churches in the 18c?
- What was the role of the parish church in 18c society?
- What was the position of the Jesuit order in 18c Western Europe?
Why were they resented by the political powers of the day?
- Why did the Catholic monarchs of Europe win control over their
- Why did the power of the papacy decline dramatically by the
- How did Emperor Joseph II of Austria take control of the Catholic
Church in his kingdom as well as create an atmosphere of religious
toleration throughout the Austrian Empire?
- What were the differences between Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews?
How were they treated in Western Europe during the 18c?
- What was Pietism? Why did it emerge in the 18c?
- How did Pietism lay the groundwork for the religious revival
movement of the latter 18c, especially in England?
- Why did John Wesley's Methodism appeal most to the lower classes
of English society? What were they looking for that the
traditional Anglican Church could not provide?