• textbook --> pp. 706 - 716.
  • atlas --> pg. 70.
Terms :
* entrepreneur * George Stephenson
* Richard Arkwright * Crystal Palace   (pic1)
* James Watt * Great Exhibition
  1. Identify at least TEN reasons by industrialization first began in Great Britain.
  2. As seen in the life of Richard Arkwright [doc. on pg. 709 of your textbk.], what traits did Edward Baines think were crucial to being a successful entrepreneur?
  3. What were some of the major technological changes and new forms of industrial organization which helped Britain take the lead in the Industrial Revolution?
  4. How did the new factory system affect the working class?
  5. How did the new religious revivalism movement reinforce the values of the factory system?
  6. What was the significance of the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace in 1851?
  7. Support the following statement:  By the middle of the 19c, Britain had become the workshop, banker, and trader of the world.

                          ASSIGNMENT 2:

Terms :
* protective tariff * Public Health Act
* The Great Famine * self-help
* Edwin Chadwick * Samuel Smiles
* Anti-Poor Law Movement * Corn Laws
  1. How were the patterns of industrialization different in France and the rest of continental Europe from those established in Britain?
  2. In what ways did the government encourage industrialization and how did it attempt to check its excesses?
  3. Why did the British government pass the Corn Laws?
  4. Where were the new centers of industrialization established on the European continent by the middle of the 19c?
  5. What were the causes of the Irish Potato Famine of 1845-1851?  What impact did this tragedy have on the Irish people?  on Britain?  on the United States?
  6. How were changes in population growth and the development of urbanization related to the Industrial Revolution?
  7. What modern urban problems emerged in British cities during this period? 
  8. How would you describe life in the new industrial cities for the middle class?  for the working class?  for the indigent poor?
  9. How did the government deal with some of these new urban problems?
  10. Read the document in your reader on pp. 123-125 and answer the questions at its end.

                         ASSIGNMENT 3:

Terms :
* bourgeoisie * Robert Owen
* proletariat * Luddites
* consumption * Chartism
* pauper apprentice * People's Charter
* Factory Acts * Ten Hours Act
* Sadler Commission * Coal Mines Act (1)   (2)
* Combination Acts * Anti-Corn Laws League
* Dr. Andrew Ure  
  1. How was the role of traditional entrepreneurship changing in Britain by the middle of the 19c?
  2. How were artisans different from factory workers in the 19c?  What role did they play in the new industrial cities?
  3. What were working conditions like for the industrial working class?  [refer to your doc. reader and answer the questions on pg. 132].
  4. What kind of working conditions did children face in the mines during the early phase of the Industrial Revolution?  [refer to the doc. on pg. 729 of your textbk.]
  5. Why were children "better workers" according to many factory owners?  How were they treated as opposed to adult workers?
  6. How did the Factory Acts passed throughout the 19c help alleviate some of the problems of factory workers?  What were their limitations?
  7. What efforts did workers make to alleviate the harsh working conditions of early industrialization?
  8. What were the goals of the Luddites?  By what means did they hop to accomplish their ends?  Why were they unsuccessful?
  9. What were the basic demands of the Chartists?  [refer to the doc. on pg. 733 of your textbk.]  How successful were they in achieving their goals?
  10. Why was there a growing movement to repeal the British Corn Laws?