Terms :
*  "New" Imperialism Henry M. Stanley
*  "Mad Scramble" Boer War
Suez Canal Mahdi Revolt (1)   (2)
Dr. David Livingstone Charles Gordon "Pasha"
Cecil Rhodes paternalism
Sir Richard Burton Berlin Conference of 1885
John Speke King Leopold of Belgium
Rudyard Kipling protectorate
"White Man's Burden" sphere of influence
  1. List the major characteristics of the "New" Imperialism of the late 19c.  How was it different from the "Old" Imperialism of earlier centuries?
  2. Why did the Europeans decide to colonize most of Africa and South/Southeast Asia by the end of the 19c?
  3. What cultural and intellectual theories were used to justify European imperialism?
  4. What arguments did Rudyard Kipling present to justify European expansion in Africa and Asia?  How does the selection by Edward Morel [pg. 871] undermine those arguments?
  5. What caused the "Scramble for Africa?"
  6. How did the Berlin Conference of 1885 lay down certain rules of the game for expansion in Africa?
  7. How did King Leopold of Belgium rule the Belgian Congo?
  8. How did the partition of Africa affect relations among the European powers by the end of the 19c - early 20c?
  9. Describe British colonial culture.  How was it different from the French model of imperial administration?  from the Dutch?  from the Belgians?

                          ASSIGNMENT 2:

  • textbook --> pp. 873 - 878.
Terms :
Sepoy Mutiny Boxer Rebellion
British Raj (1)   (2) Open Door Policy
French Indochina Commodore Matthew Perry
Dutch East Indies Meiji Restoration
Opium War Sino-Japanese War
Taiping Rebellion Russo-Japanese War
  1. How did the Dutch create and maintain their empire in the East Indies?  What resistance developed?
  2. How did British rule in India change after the events of 1857?
  3. What was the economy of India like under British rule?
  4. Identify the major internal developments taking place in China in the early 19c.  What policy did the Europeans pursue with respect to the Manchu Empire?
  5. What rights did Europeans and other outsiders acquire as a result of the Opium War?  What further gains did Europeans make in China from 1860 to 1898?
  6. How did Japan gain as a result of the war with China in 1894?  What kind of international crises followed?
  7. Why were the Russians concerned over the status of Manchuria?
  8. List the major concessions extracted from China in 1898 by the Germans, the Russians, the French, and the British.
  9. What were the motives behind the Open Door Policy?
  10. What were the net consequences of imperialist expansion in China by the end of the 19c?
  11. Why was Japan able to maintain its independence from European rule while China had to make many concessions to the Western powers?
  12. List the causes of the Russo-Japanese War.  Of what special significance for later history was this war?  In what sense did it herald important developments of the 20c?