• textbook --> pp. 736 - 745.
  • doc. reader --> pp. 145 - 146.
Terms :
  1. What difficulties did the following countries face in the years immediately following the Napoleonic Wars?:  Britain, France, Russia, Austria, and Prussia.
  2. Identify the key political/ideological principles on which the Congress of Vienna was based.
  3. What were the principal territorial arrangements adopted at the Congress of Vienna?  How was the France dealt with?  How was the dispute over Poland settled?
  4. Make a list of the major ideas and principles of 19c conservatism. [also answer the ques. on p. 146 of your doc. bk.]
  5. What were the aims of the Concert of Europe?  What did it accomplish?
  6. List the four Congresses that met between 1818 and 1822 and identify the reasons for each meeting and what actions were taken by the countries involved.
  7. Explain the background and nature of the movement for independence in Latin American at the beginning of the 19c.  What position did the European powers take?  the British?  the United States?
  8. Why was the revolt in Greece in 1820s treated differently by the Concert of Europe nations?  What was the result of the Treaty of Adrianople? 
  9. How was the conservative mood in Europe reflected in early 19c British domestic politics?  What was the Peterloo Massacre?  How did the British government respond to it?
  10. To what extent did the Charter of 1814 accept the changes of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era?
  11. Identify the different groups in France who opposed Louis XVIII's political "moderation."  How did his successor, Charles X, attempt to restore the Ancien Regime?  What was the reaction in France to this move?
  12. What were the political conditions which led to revolts in some of the Italian states and in Spain in the 1820s?  How were these revolts dealt with by the Concert of Europe nations?

                          ASSIGNMENT 2:

  • textbook --> pp. 745 - 753.
  • doc. reader --> pp. 146 - 148; 150 - 152.
Terms :
  1. What was the purpose of the Germanic Confederation?  How was King Frederick William III initially a more moderate ruler?  Why did he change his views?
  2. Describe nationalist activities in the German states in the years after 1815.  What actions did Metternich take?  [refer to the docs. in your doc. bk. on pp. 150-152 and answer ques. 2-4 on pg. 152]
  3. What was the nature and results of the Decembrist Revolt in Russia after the death of Tsar Alexander I?
  4. What are the main premises of liberalism?  [refer to the doc. bk. and answer the ques. on pg. 148]
  5. Identify the major beliefs of economic liberals such as Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo.  How did their theories make it difficult for social reformers to persuade government intervention to help the poor?
  6. Define the term "nationalism."  What were Herder's views on the idea of "culture?"
  7. How did Hegel view history?   the role of the state?  What did he say was the role of great men and their relationship to the times in which they lived?
  8. Do individual men and women make history, or are they products of it?  Support your position!
  9. Were 19c liberals the same as 20c liberals?
  10. How would you define "socialism?"  Why did the movement come about when it did?
  11. Who were the Utopian Socialists?  Create a CHART which compares and contrasts the ideas of the men who were given that title.
  12. What was Louis Blanc's socialist program for France?  Why did it fail?

                         ASSIGNMENT 3:

  • textbook --> pp. 753 - 767.
  • doc. reader --> pp. 154 - 156.
  • DBQ --> "Belgian Independence"
Terms :
* July Ordinances * Sir Robert Peel
* Louis-Philippe * "Bobbie"
* National Workshops * Charles Louis Napoleon
* June Days * Kleindeutsch
* Party of Reform * Grossdeutsch
* Party of Resistance * Frankfurt Assembly
* Adolphe Thiers * Louis Kossuth
* François Guizot * Risorgimento
* Eugène Delacroix  (pics) * Giuseppe Mazzini
* British Reform Bill
  of 1832
* Young Italy
* Poor Law * Walnut Street Prison
* Anti-Corn Law League * Zollverein
  1. What were the causes of the revolution in France in 1830?
  2. What reform programs were initiated by Louis-Philippe?  Why was he called the "Bourgeois Monarch?"
  3. What were the divisions which developed in the French Chamber of Deputies?  Why was it an institution that basically represented one class in French society?
  4. How did nationalism play a crucial role in the revolts in the Netherlands, Poland, and several Italian city-states in the late 1820s-early 1830s?
  5. According to de Tocqueville [doc. bk.], why did Parisian workers revolt in 1848?  What were the goals of the revolutionaries?
  6. What were the effects of the "June Days" on French society?
  7. Briefly describe the revolutionary events of 1848 in Italy, Austria, and the German states keeping in mind:  Who were the opposing groups?  What were the major issues involved?  What changes occurred [or did not occur] as a result of these revolutions?
  8. How was it that Russia and Great Britain were untouched by the contagion of revolution in the 1830s and 1848?
  9. Why did the revolutionary forces eventually fail in 1848?
  10. How did Europe respond to the need for order in society in the first half of the 19c?

                          ASSIGNMENT 4:

  • textbook --> pp. 767 - 773.
  • doc. reader --> pp. 139 - 142.
  • Slides on the art of the Romantic Era.
  • CDs --> samplings of music from several major Romantic composers.
Terms :
* romanticism * Percy Bysshe Shelley
* Johann Wolfgang
  von Goethe
* Lord Byron
* Faust * William Wordsworth
* hero * pantheism
* Thomas Carlyle * Caspar David Friedrich  (pics)
* Grimm Brothers * Joseph Turner  (pics)
* Gothic Genre * Ludwig von Beethoven (1)  (2)
* Sir Walter Scott * Hector Berlioz
* Alexander Dumas * François-Rene de
* Mary Shelley (1)  (2) * Franz Liszt
* Jane Austen * Richard Wagner
* William Blake * Giuseppe Verdi
* Emily & Charlotte Bronte * Felix Mendelssohn
* Friedrich Chopin * Johann Strauss, Jr.
  1. What were the seven characteristics of the Romantic Movement identified in your textbook?  What historical "streams" fed it?
  2. How did the attitudes of Romanticism differ from those of the Enlightenment?
  3. What characteristics of Romanticism were revealed in Poe's tale and Blake's poem? [refer to the docs. on pp. 769 and 770 in your textbk.]
  4. What was the role of the "hero" in human history, according to Thomas Carlyle?
  5. How did the actual lives of the romantics often reflect their romantic ideals?
  6. What were the main features of Romanticism in painting?  Who were its main exponents?
  7. Identify some of the key Romantic composers.  How did they express the ideas of the Romantic Movement in their music?
  8. How was Chateaubriand's view of Catholicism reflective of Romantic thinking?
  9. How did Methodism and Pietism fit into the Romantic Movement?