ASSIGNMENT 1:
Sources:
Terms :
* lettres de cachet * Tennis Court Oath  (pic1)
* Marquis de Lafayette (1)  (2)
  (pic1)   (pic2)
* Bastille
* Society of Thirty * July 14, 1789
* Estates-General (1)  (2)  (pic1) * Great Fear
* cahiers de doléances * seigneurial rights
* Abbé Sieyès (1)   (2) * March to Versailles (1) (2)  (pic1)
* National [Constituent]
  Assembly
 
Questions:
  1. What was the impact of the American Revolution on France and on the rest of Europe?
  2. Create a CHART which shows the characteristics and distinctions between the three different estates in France.  In what ways were all social classes affected by the social and economic tensions of the times?
  3. Identify the long-range cause of the French Revolution.
  4. What role did the Parlement of Paris play in neutralizing reform proposals?
  5. How did Louis XVI attempt to deal with the growing crises in France by 1789?
  6. Why was the Estates-General reconvened after a century and a half?
  7. Create another CHART that illustrates the makeup of the three estates in the Estates-General.
  8. What was Abbé Sieyès's view of the third estate?  [answer ques. 5 and 6 in the doc. book]  Why did the third estate clash with the other privileged estates? 
  9. Explain the actions taken in creating the National Assembly.
  10. What was the significance of the fall of the Bastille?  Why did it help save the National Assembly and the Revolution?
  11. Trace and account for the increasing intervention of the peasants and other commoners in the summer and early fall of 1789.
  12. What was the Great Fear?  What was its impact on the National Assembly?
 

                          ASSIGNMENT 2:

Sources:
Terms :
* Declaration of the Rights of Man
  and the Citizen
* passive citizen
* Olympe de Gouges  (pic1) * Jacobins
* Declaration of the Rights of
  Women and the Female Citizen
* Legislative Assembly (1)  (2)
* Civil Constitution of the Clergy * Declaration of Pillnitz
* 1791 Constitution * National Convention
* assignats * sans-culotte
* active citizen * levee en masse
Questions:
  1. List the major political and philosophical principles espoused in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.  [refer to the doc. on pg. 686 of your textbk.]
  2. What were the policies of the National Assembly toward the Catholic Church?  How did these policies revolutionize church-state relationships throughout France and the rest of Western Europe?
  3. What type of government was established by the Constitution of 1791?  Which groups were dissatisfied?  Why?
  4. How did Olympe de Gouge's reworking of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen transform its meaning?  How did male revolutionaries respond to her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen?  [refer to the doc. on pg. 687 in your textbk.]
  5. How did the National Assembly restructure France administratively?
  6. What was the reaction of the various European governments to the revolutionary events in France?
  7. How did the Declaration of Pillnitz affect developments in France?  Why did various groups in France favor war?
  8. Why were peasants and urban workers dissatisfied with the course of events by late 1791-early 1792?
  9. Who were the Jacobins?  the sans-culotte?  Why did the latter support the former?
  10. Why might the insurrection of August, 1792 be called the "Second" French Revolution?
 

                         ASSIGNMENT 3:

Sources:
Terms :
* Georges Danton (1)  (2)  (pic1) * Liberté!  Egalité!  Fraternité!
* Jean-Paul Marat (1)  (2)  (pic1) * Law of the General Maximum
* Girondin * "Republic of Virtue"
* Montagnard [Mountain] * Maximillian Robespierre (1)  (2
* Paris Commune * de-Christianization
* Vendée * Temple of Reason
* Committee of Public Safety * Thermidorean Reaction
* tribunals * Constitution of 1795
* "Reign of Terror" * Directory
* guillotine  (pic1) * coup d 'état
* La Marseillaise * 18th. Brumaire
* tricolor * Sir Edmund Burke  (pic1)
Questions:
  1. What caused the French Revolution to enter a second, more radical phase?
  2. Who were the Girondins and the Montagnards [Mountain]?  What were their political points of view?  Who were their major supporters?
  3. What groups represented the counter-revolutionary forces in 1792-1794?  What characterized the regions in which counter-revolutionary movements emerged?
  4. Why did the Reign of Terror occur?
  5. Which social classes in revolutionary France were most affected by the Terror?   least affected?   Why?
  6. Based on the information in the charts, support the argument that the Reign of Terror was NOT random or purposeless.
  7. What type of government did Robespierre try to create in 1792-1794?  Identify some of the specific changes and programs introduced [answer ques. 2-4 on pg. 111 of your doc. reader].
  8. Why did the de-Christianization measures fail?
  9. Why can it be said that those who start a revolution are often consumed by its flames?  How does this quote especially apply to Robespierre?
  10. What was the Thermidorean Reaction?
  11. Identify the weaknesses of the Directory.  In what areas was it somewhat successful?
  12. Why were the poor worse off under the Directory than before the Revolution?
  13. Why did Edmund Burke oppose the French Revolution?  [refer to your doc. book, pp. 115-116].  How did he represent the conservative view of the Revolution?
  14. With the advantage of hindsight, what might the French monarchy have done to retain control of France, minimize revolutionary changes, and keep their throne [and their heads]?
  15. In what ways did the French revolution set precedents and provide models for later revolutions in history?