GOVERNMENTS OF ATHENS AND SPARTA

 

SPARTAN GOVERNMENT:

Five Ephors:  unlimited power.
Council of Elders:  28 members all over 60 years of age; proposed laws on which the Assembly voted.
Kings:  two kings elected by the Assembly; served as high priests, judges, and army commanders.
Assembly:  all citizens over 30 years of age;  elected the officials and voted on major policies.

 

ATHENIAN GOVERNMENT:

Assembly:  all male citizens over 20 years of age; enjoyed full and final power.
Council of Five Hundred:  citizens over 30 years of age; chosen by lot, fifty from each tribe; proposed laws to the Assembly.
Court:  chosen by lot from the citizens; no judge; juries were very large; each juror voted by secret ballot.
Archons:  nine citizens who at one time were all-powerful, but after reforms the Council of Five Hundred took over most of their powers.

 

 

DIRECT DEMOCRACY

INDIRECT DEMOCRACY

  Definition:  

 

 

 

 

 

  Positives:    
  Negatives: