Late 17c and 18c American Society (1)

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1 Colonial law generally defined slaves as chattels. This meant that slaves were considered as?:
human beings with limited rights.
pieces of property with no rights.
servants who served for a limited period of time.
slaves who received freedom upon the death of their masters.
employees who received pay for their work.

2 Colonial cities functioned primarily as?:
mercantile centers for collecting agricultural goods and distributing imported manufactured goods.
places where most poor immigrants settled and worked as independent artisans.
centers where large scale financial and banking operations were conducted.
places to which wage earners commuted from numerous surrounding communities.
centers of light manufacturing.

3 According to the Whig ideology, the best defense against corruption and tyranny rested in the?:
increased power of the executive.
maintenance of a strong standing army.
suppression of dissent and sedition.
eternal vigilance by the people.

4 Between 1650 and 1750, family life in the English colonies changed such that in?:
both northern and southern colonies, it grew more patriarchal.
northern colonies it grew less patriarchal, while in southern colonies it grew more patriarchal.
both northern and southern colonies, it grew less patriarchal.
northern colonies it grew more patriarchal, while in southern colonies it grew less patriarchal.

5 By the early 1700s, the slave codes of the English colonies in North America established all of the following rules EXCEPT that they?:
made slavery a permanent condition.
limited the rights of slaves severely.
provided that the children of slaves would also be slaves.
allowed a slave with some white ancestry to apply for freedom.

6 Anglo-American women in colonial times?:
could own property or execute legal documents only if they were widowed or unmarried.
enjoyed more liberties and rights than did Native American women.
attended church less frequently than did Anglo-American men.
were more likely than men to do agricultural work.
were required by law to learn to read and write, in order to teach their children.

7 The Salem Village witchcraft crisis occurred for which of the following reasons?:
experiencing feelings of powerlessness and insecurity, many Puritans found in witchcraft an explanation for the disorder and change around them.
as the poor felt more and more powerless, they tried to take out their frustrations on the wealthy by charging them with practicing witchcraft.
old-guard Puritans created the crisis to regain their power and restore morality to the community.
the crisis was primarily the result of a power struggle among leading Puritan families.

8 Benjamin Franklin's concept of the "ideal American" differed from John Winthrop's in which of the following ways?:
Franklin included women and blacks; Winthrop did not.
Franklin emphasized devotion to one's family; Winthrop emphasized devotion to God.
Franklin emphasized political activism; Winthrop shunned political involvement.
Franklin valued individualism; Winthrop valued the submission of individual will to the good of the community.

9 Thomas Jefferson once observed that the best school of political liberty the world ever saw was the?:
College of William and Mary.
New England town meeting.
Chesapeake plantation system.
Virginia House of Burgesses.
Congregationalist meeting house.

10 Which of the following is NOT TRUE of English colonial families in mid-18c America?:
physical punishment was the normal method of enforcing unquestioned obedience from children.
women lost virtually all of their legal rights as individuals once they married.
most families bore children who lived long enough to bear children of their own.
more than 90% of families lived in rural areas at about this time.
women, while subservient to their husbands, set the moral standards by which children were raised and decided how the children would be educated and trained.

11 What did the Great Awakening, inter-colonial trade and American attitudes toward English culture and constitutional theory have in common?:
they created disdain for England.
they contributed to a growing sense of shared American identity.
they created a rebellious spirit in America.
they helped create imperial rivalry between England and France.