The Rise of Big Business & the Labor Movement (2)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 and the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 had in common the fact that they?:
convinced the Populists that they had achieved their goals.
were greatly strengthened by the Supreme Court in the years after they were passed.
ended the Republican domination of the U. S. Senate.
had no impact on the U. S. economy for several years after they were passed.
were intended to do away with the spoils system in politics.

2 Which type of governmental assistance was most helpful to labor during the period 1876-1914?:
Presidential support in nationwide strikes.
amendments to the federal Constitution.
federal legislation.
Supreme Court decisions.
state legislation.

3 Labor unions were ruled not to be illegal conspiracies provided that their methods were honorable and peaceful in the Supreme Court case of?:
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842).
Brown v. Board of Education (1954).
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
Munn v. Illinois (1876).

4 The 1880s movement for the eight-hour working day is usually associated with which of the following labor organizations?:
the Teamsters Union.
the Knights of Labor.
the Industrial Workers of the World.
the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union.

5 Which of the following best accounts for the success of Standard Oil?:
its scientists developed processes for refining oil more efficiently.
it bought out the Erie Railroad in order to keep transportation charges low.
its corporate structure--known as horizontal integration--allowed the company to grow tremendously.
it was one of the first companies to invest heavily in advertising.

6 Terence V. Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, advocated?:
a gradual end to the wage system and the reorganization of society on cooperative principles.
the admission of blacks into local Knights of Labor assemblies.
all of these choices are correct.

7 "Yellow dog" contracts were contracts?:
in which employers agreed not to hire Chinese immigrants.
in which workers promised not to strike or join a union.
that guaranteed that only union members would be hired.
all of these choices are correct.

8 A major reason for the low wages of unskilled workers throughout the late 19c was that?:
most industries simply made too little profit and thus were unable to pass on higher wages to labor.
the great expense of modern factories and equipment made higher wages impossible.
management was able to draw on cheap labor on a global scale.
the cost of living was lower, and so workers required less in wages.

9 In the 19c, railroads formed pools in order to?:
share equipment and terminals for greater efficiency.
fix prices and divide business for greater profit.
inflate the value of assets and profits before selling the stock.
better serve farmers in remote rural areas.
increase competition by dividing up large companies into smaller ones.

10 A closed shop requires workers to?:
receive national security clearance.
promise not to join a union.
receive their pay in cash.
join a union to secure a job.
apply for unemployment benefits.