The Rise of Big Business & the Labor Movement (3)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Haymarket bombing of May 4, 1886, was important to the labor movement because it?:
aroused public opposition against labor, contributed to the decline of the Knights of Labor, and caused an increase in the membership of the AFL.
brought about the use of collective bargaining to settle labor disputes peacefully.
demonstrated to unskilled workers their vulnerability to strikebreaking actions.
began a tradition of federal intervention by U. S. troops.

2 Why was the Clayton Anti-Trust Act an improvement over the Sherman Anti-Trust Act?:
its execution was placed squarely in the Attorney General's hands.
for the first time the actions of labor unions were not restricted.
labor unions and farm organizations were no longer considered as monopolies in restraint of trade.
penalties in the form of fines and imprisonment were to be imposed on unions.
labor unions as well as trusts were defined as monopolies in restraint of trade.

3 In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden, the United States Supreme Court did which of the following?:
upheld the sanctity of contracts.
affirmed the power of the federal government over commerce.
ruled that federal, rather than state, legislation applied to Native Americans.
held a state law void because it conflicted with a provision of the United States Constitution.
affirmed its power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.

4 By the end of the 1800s, the use of pools, trusts, and holding companies by big business resulted in?:
a concentration of economic power in the hands of a few.
a slowing in the growth rate of the economy.
a more even distribution of wealth.
an increase in costs of production.
all of these choices are correct.

5 All of the following were important factors in post-Civil War industrial expansion EXCEPT?:
a large pool of unskilled labor.
American ingenuity and inventiveness.
an abundance of natural resources.
immigration restrictions.

6 Many employers cut wages in the late 19c by?:
eliminating pension plans.
hiring skilled workers.
eliminating health insurance plans.
hiring women and children.

7 President Grover Cleveland responded to the 1894 Pullman strike by?:
offering to serve as a mediator.
intervening on the side of management.
remaining uninvolved and doing nothing.
intervening on the side of labor.

8 In the West, the immigrants who bore the brunt of labor hostility in the 1870s and 1880s were?:
Irish Catholic.

9 Labor relations at the end of the 19c were?:
relatively peaceful because welfare paternalism prevailed and employers treated employees like family.
relatively peaceful because employers had successfully eliminated labor unrest.
characterized by violence and thousands of strikes.
occasionally turbulent, but most grievances were dealt with effectively through collective bargaining.

10 The ideas of Social Darwinism allowed men of wealth, like Carnegie and Rockefeller, to?:
justify the economic inequality that favored them over the nation's poor.
argue for more government intervention in dealing with social problems.
create more humanitarian programs for their factory laborers.
become more humanitarian in their declining years.