The U. S. Constitution (3)

Click on the correct answer

1 During the early 1780s, the authority of the national government was vested in?:
the legislative branch.
the judicial branch.
the executive branch.
all of these choices are correct.

2 The Constitution was written to make it difficult for the majority of the population to impress their will on the federal government. Which of the following gave the people the most impact on the federal government?:
length of the term of office for federal judges.
length of the term of office for members of the House of Representatives.
choosing the president by the Electoral College.
the method of electing U. S. Senators.
having one-third of the Senate elected every two years.

3 When the Founding Fathers established the electoral college system, they expected that?:
mass education would improve the electorate and make direct popular election reasonable.
partisan conflict over the election of a president could be avoided.
a democratic system would evolve whereby the people would select the president according to a weighted formula which equates the popular and electoral votes.
a democratic party system would develop, thus making selection of the president a popular decision.
Washington would serve two terms, after which an amendment would require the election of a president by the House of Representatives.

4 The 3/5 Compromise of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 provided that?:
for purposes of representation and taxation, the votes of three free men were equal to those of five slaves.
the votes of 3/5 of the southern states would be needed to pass any federal legislation affecting slavery.
for purposes of representation and taxation, five slaves would be counted as three free persons.
the voted of 3/5 of the southern states would be needed to pass any federal legislation affecting representation or taxation.
for purposes of taxation, the numbers of slaves in a state would not be counted once they had exceeded 3/5 of the free population.

5 Which of the following civil liberties protected by the Bill of Rights was in the Constitution as originally ratified?:
freedom of the press.
freedom of religion.
the right to bear arms.
protection against self-incrimination.
trial by jury.

6 According to the United States Constitution, each of the following may be accomplished by a simple majority vote EXCEPT?:
Congress declares war.
the Senate approves the appointment of a Supreme Court Justice.
Congress passes an immigration law.
the Senate ratifies a treaty.
the electoral college must select a president.

7 Which of the following provisions of the Constitution represents an abandonment of one or more of the principles on which the Articles of Confederation had rested?:
the states had full freedom to act autonomously on purely internal matters.
no one could interfere with the return of runaway slaves.
Congress had the authority to levy and collect taxes, regulate commerce, and conduct diplomacy.
none of these choices are correct.

8 The Constitution failed to address an issue concerning the Native Americans that would dictate their future relationship with whites. This issue was?:
the legitimacy of the treaties negotiated by the Confederacy.
regulation of commerce with the Indians.
the right of the federal government to tax the Native Americans.
tribal sovereignty over their lands.

9 One of the chief reasons for the failure of the Articles of Confederation was?:
their lack of an adequate mechanism for Congress to force states to comply with its decisions.
their focus on the separation of powers within the federal branch of government.
their failure to adequately curb the powers of the executive branch of government.
their failure to provide women and free blacks with the right to vote.
their strict tax collections provisions. These raised resentments among the people in the smaller states who believed that they were being overtaxed while residents of the larger states were being undertaxed.

10 The positions of loose construction and strict construction of the Constitution were first established in letters written by Hamilton and Jefferson to President Washington. The letters concerned?:
our obligations to France under the Treaty of 1778.
consolidating the national, state, and foreign debt and paying them at face value.
an appropriate response to the Whiskey Rebellion.
the issue of creating a Bank of the United States.
Jefferson's decision to purchase Louisiana.