Early Discovery & Settlement (1)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Pilgrims were also known as Separatists because they?:
wanted to separate Plymouth from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
believed in the complete separation of church and state.
broke all ties with the Church of England.
were the first to declare independence from Great Britain.
tried to isolate the Native Americans from white settlers.

2 Jamestown survived as the first permanent British settlement in America because of?:
the emergence of tobacco as a cash crop.
the settlers who followed the example of Roanoke.
the religious convictions of its first settlers.
the mild climate of Virginia.
its use of Indian slaves as a labor force.

3 Roger Williams is best known in American history as?:
advocating the uniting of church and state into a theocracy.
an early champion of religious freedom.
the chief justice at the Salem witch trials.
the founder of New Hampshire.
the first royal governor of Massachusetts.

4 In founding the colony of Georgia, James Oglethorpe's primary purpose was to?:
provide a refuge for persecuted English Quakers.
gain a base for launching English expeditions against Spanish-held Florida.
make a financial profit.
provide a refuge for persecuted Christians of all sects from all parts of Europe.
provide a refuge for English debtors.

5 Most of the slaves who came to the thirteen mainland colonies in British North America?:
were from the southern part of Africa in what is today South Africa.
were considered to be property and as such could be used as collateral for loans.
were granted their freedom after a specified period of service.
never made up more than 5% of the population of any colony.
were protected from physical harm by the Roman Catholic Church's Canon Law.

6 The Mayflower Compact could best be described as?:
a detailed frame of government.
a complete constitution.
a business contract.
a foundation for self-government.
an enumeration of the causes for leaving England and coming to the New World.

7 Seventeenth-century New England and the West Indies?:
were interdependent because the sugar islands could not feed themselves or supply their own lumber, and New England relied on the Caribbean to purchase its surpluses.
were interdependent because New England's short growing season required the importation of food from the Caribbean Islands.
were interdependent because New Englanders used the Caribbean as a "safety valve" for excess population in search of farmland.
had virtually nothing to do with each other because the vast distance between them prohibited economic or cultural exchange.
all of these choices are correct.

8 What was a proprietary colony?:
a colony like Virginia that was run like a business.
a colony like Delaware that was sponsored by a particular religious group.
a colony like Massachusetts that was forced to acknowledge the proper authority of the king.
a colony like New Jersey that was run as a privately owned estate.

9 Which of the following correctly describes the attitude of most English settlers toward the Indians and their way of life?:
they assumed the Indians to be their inferiors and showed little respect for Indian society.
they accepted and respected the differences between their own culture and Indian culture.
they were very interested in understanding as many aspects of Indian culture as possible.
they were openly hostile toward the Indians and had no thoughts of living in peace with them.

10 Indentured servants were important to the development of the 17c Chesapeake because they?:
were usually artisans who brought needed skills to the area.
provided a relatively cheap and abundant source of labor for Chesapeake tobacco planters.
brought new ideas concerning the cultivation and cure of tobacco.
provided labor for important public projects undertaken by the colonial governments of Virginia and Maryland.