& the New Modern Republicanism (1)

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1 President Eisenhower's domestic strategy of modern Republicanism advocated?:
acceptance of existing New Deal programs.
increasing military spending.
a continuation of McCarthyism.
large deficit spending to finance socialized medicine.
the support of civil rights activism.

2 Which of the following is an idea of Woodrow Wilson's that came to be an accepted part of United States foreign policy after 1945?:
non-recognition of revolutionary governments will lead to the downfall of such offensive governments.
the security of the United States is best preserved through collective security.
isolation has kept us out of past European wars and will keep us out of future European wars.
the World Court is the best forum to settle international disputes.
arbitration treaties between nations provide a much needed period for tempers to cool.

3 John Foster Dulles is most closely associated with the?:
policy of mutually assured destruction.
flexible response policy.
Strategic Defense initiative.
zero option policy.
policy of massive retaliation.

4 What action did President Eisenhower take to bring about school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas?:
he urged Congress to pass civil rights legislation.
he issued an executive order mandating integration.
he began impeachment proceedings against Governor Orval Faubus.
he had the Justice Department file a suit in the federal courts.
he placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal command to carry out the desegregation plan.

5 Critics of McCarthyism in the 1950s stressed the idea that?:
the government should always be on guard against Communist subversion.
fears of subversion can lead to the erosion of constitutional liberties.
loyalty oaths can prevent espionage.
communism is likely to gain influence in times of prosperity.

6 By the end of Eisenhower's second term, the first Republican administration since the New Deal had?:
left the size and functions of the federal government intact.
effectively dismantled much of the New Deal legislation and programs.
dismantled only the farm aid programs and Social Security.
reduced America's international commitments, thus seriously cutting the defense budget.

7 Between 1954 and 1961, the Eisenhower administration's policy toward South Vietnam can be characterized as one that?:
supported any leadership that would allow American business interests access to the region's natural resources.
supported the country's Buddhist leaders as opposed to the Christian leaders.
always supported the pro-democratic leadership.
propped up a corrupt and unpopular, anti-Communist dictatorship in order to contain the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

8 The significance of the civil rights laws of 1957 and 1960 was that they?:
succeeded in ending discrimination in public facilities.
were the first civil rights laws passed since Reconstruction.
opened the doors to equal opportunity in employment.
provided protection for women as well as racial minorities.

9 In 1960 which of the following contributed most directly to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's cancellation of a scheduled summit meeting with President Dwight D. Eisenhower?:
the rise to power of Fidel Castro in Cuba.
the failure, at the Bay of Pigs, of a U. S.-sponsored attempt to oust Fidel Castro.
the downing of an American U-2 spy plane over the Soviet Union.
the sending of U. S. troops to Lebanon.
the success of the Soviet space program in launching the Sputnik satellite.

10 President Eisenhower was associated with each of the following EXCEPT?:
bringing about the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy by publicly denouncing his irresponsible accusations.
appointing Earl Warren as chief justice of the United States.
bringing an end to the Korean War with the signing of an armistice in 1953.
warning the nation about the growing power of the military and big industrial corporations in American life.