The Gilded Age   (2)

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1 Which of the following statements is LEAST true about immigration to the U. S. between 1880 and 1900?:
most immigrants were unskilled day laborers.
immigration increased steadily during these years.
immigrants tended to be Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, or Jewish.
Chinese immigrants were excluded by law during most of these years.
most immigrants came from northern and western Europe.

2 The strength of the Democratic party in the Gilded Age lay with?:
white southerners and northern urbanites.
the educated and the affluent.
western farmers and cattlemen.
opponents to the tariff and civil service reform.

3 Evidence justifying the use of the label "politics of paralysis" to describe the Gilded Age would include all of the following EXCEPT?:
the period was marked by relatively low voter turnout.
much energy in Congress was expended on political patronage.
parties used such devices as ethnic and religious appeals and entertaining campaign rallies to try to get voters to the polls.
a majority of presidential candidates came from Ohio or New York.

4 As a result of the Depression of 1893?:
the federal government adopted a silver standard of currency.
the Populists expanded their following to the urban working classes.
new attitudes towards poverty and government responsibility emerged.
the Democrats and Republicans unified around strong leaders.

5 One theme of the Gilded Age politics was the?:
triumph of urban-industrial interests.
rise of the common man.
extension of government into the private sphere.
triumph of rural-agricultural interests.

6 The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that?:
rural America would defeat urban America.
a serious effort to win the White House would be made with mostly agrarian votes.
the South remained solid for the Democratic party.
factory workers would favor inflation.

7 What did Grover Cleveland think was the way to deal with the Depression of 1893-1897?:
sell $62 million in gold to Wall Street bankers J. P. Morgan and August Belmont.
enact the Sherman Silver Purchase bill.
defend the gold standard and bolster government gold reserves.
purchase 3.5 million ounces of silver.

8 Booker T. Washington believed that the best way for blacks to improve their status in the United States was to?:
struggle militantly against all forms of racial discrimination in order to gain educational opportunity.
form a nationwide council to work for federal laws against lynching.
leave the United States and return to their African origins.
accommodate themselves to segregation and disfranchisement while at the same time working hard and proving their economic value to society.

9 Mark Twain called the era following the Civil War the "Gilded Age" because?:
it was an age of universal benefit for all Americans.
of the tremendous number of gold strikes that took place.
the glitter and flashiness of the time seemed to mask the ugliness and crass materialism that lay beneath the surface.
the gold and silver issues seemed to dominate the era.

10 Grover Cleveland, the only Democrat elected president between 1857 and 1912, believed that Government should?:
refrain from paternalistic meddling in the economy.
actively intervene in the economy to guide the nation's industrial development.
work to develop a humanitarian form of industrialism.
regulate the trusts and provide drought relief to western farmers.

11 In late 19c cases dealing with the rights of blacks, the Supreme Court decided that?:
the Fourteenth Amendment protected citizens from private acts of discrimination but not from governmental acts.
racial segregation was constitutional as long as each race had equal facilities.
poll taxes and literacy tests were illegal.
the civil rights clauses of the Fifteenth Amendment were unconstitutional.