Immigration & Urban Society:   Late 19c  (1)

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1 The United States did NOT restrict immigration during most of the 19c for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
there was a continuous demand for cheap labor.
population growth did not present serious ecological problems then.
immigrants from China made excellent workers in building railroads.
many Europeans wanted to immigrate to America.
an amendment to the Constitution was necessary to enact such legislation.

2 Thomas Nast achieved fame and influence as a?:
radio commentator.
political cartoonist.
film producer.
newspaper publisher.

3 A member of the Social Gospel movement would probably?:
argue that Christians should work to reorganize the industrial system and bring about international peace.
consider such social sins as alcohol abuse and sexual permissiveness as society's most serious problems.
assert that the poor themselves were at fault for their circumstances.
maintain that abuses and social degradation resulted solely from a lack of willpower on the part of those who committed them.
hold their religion is an entirely individualistic matter.

4 In 1890, Jacob Riis vividly portrayed life in an American urban slum in his work?:
The Jungle.
The Octopus.
Ragged John.
Maggie, Girl of the Streets.
How the Other Half Lives.

5 Which of the following population trends occurred in the United States from 1860 to 1910?:
gradual decline of the rural population in absolute numbers.
shift of the majority of the urban population from central city to suburbs.
significant shift of the population from the North to the South.
faster rate of growth for the cities than for the general population.

6 "Native" Americans disliked immigrants for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
immigrants were strong supporters of prohibition.
the language and customs of immigrants were very different.
most immigrants were not Protestant.
many Americans believed immigrants to be racially inferior.

7 Thorstein Veblen?:
wrote An American Tragedy.
wrote about conspicuous consumption and conspicuous leisure.
argued that too many industrial experts were becoming business managers.
defended the productive efficiency of big business against its critics.

8 As a result of the introduction of mass transit in cities?:
working-class neighborhoods were broken apart.
different social groups no longer lived close together.
more mixed-use areas consisting of residences, shops, and factories emerged.
human resources were drawn inward toward the central city.

9 Political machines spread and thrived in urban areas during the late 19c because?:
existing city government structures were so disorganized and chaotic.
they represented efficiency and honesty in an age of political corruption.
people were tired of the autocratic nature of existing city governments.
the middle classes were angry at the favoritism shown by existing city governments to the urban poor and ethnic minorities.

10 The Chinese in America encountered a form of racial prejudice for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
the belief that they were recruited by the bosses to undercut wages.
the perception that they threatened the values of "white society."
the feeling that their religious beliefs made them "heathens."
the perception that they were unwilling to perform hand work.