The Imperial Republic:  1865-1914   (1)

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1 In his book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890), Alfred T. Mahan argued which of the following?:
that colonial possessions are a drain on the nation's resources.
that a strong merchant marine is less important than a navy.
that naval bases are unnecessary for the protection of colonial possessions.
that great empires are based on naval supremacy.
that land forces are more important than naval forces.

2 The Platt Amendment of 1901 provided for?:
the United States' right to intervene in Cuba to maintain peace and law and order.
the construction of the Panama Canal.
the leasing of the port of Hong Kong.
a large subsidy to the British to compensate for American diplomatic slights.
the establishment of cavalry under the command of Theodore Roosevelt.

3 Which statement best summarizes the Open Door Policy?:
the United States should have its own sphere of influence in China.
Japan should be excluded from trading with China.
China should be punished for its support of the Boxer Rebellion.
all nations should be granted equal trading rights in China.
the United States should control international trade in the Pacific.

4 When President Taft called for "Dollar Diplomacy," he advocated?:
that American government money be loaned to underdeveloped countries.
purchasing foreign-owned territories.
the rejection of the Open Door Policy.
encouraging foreign exports by reducing tariffs.
that American businessmen should invest in underdeveloped countries rather than lend those countries U. S. dollars.

5 During the first quarter of the 20c, a major concern that influenced our foreign policy was?:
preventing the outbreak of war in Europe.
defending the approaches to the Panama Canal.
creating international machinery to arbitrate disputes.
meeting the challenge of Japanese imperialism.
gaining international acceptance of the neutral concept of freedom of the seas.

6 The use of African-American troops in the United States Army during the Spanish-American War had the effect of?:
leading to the complete desegregation of the United States military.
promoting a significant, if temporary, wave of racial unity throughout the nation.
arousing racial tensions among troops and with communities around posts, especially in several southern states.
none of the above, for there were no black troops in the United States military at this time.

7 The opening of Japan by the United States in the mid-19c was followed by a period of major change known as the Meiji Restoration. Which of the following was one of the major characteristics of the Meiji Restoration?:
the destruction of the "emperor system."
the complete rejection of Shintom and other traditional values.
the colonization of Japan by Western Europe and the United States.
the "refeudalization" of the agricultural economy.
the creation of a modern political state which paved the way for industrialization.

8 To justify their policies, the new American expansionists of the late 1800s offered all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
strong nations were destined by natural law to dominate weak ones.
the U. S. should try to create a community of nations to guarantee world peace.
a strong navy was the key to becoming a great nation, and colonies would serve as bases for such a navy.
the U. S. had a duty to spread its superior institutions to less civilized peoples.

9 President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because?:
the islands were not particularly productive.
the United States did not have the naval power to protect the islands.
passage of the McKinley tariff made Hawaiian sugar unprofitable.
a majority of native Hawaiian opposed annexation to the United States.

10 American went to war against Spain in 1898 because of all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
Spain's refusal to discuss terms for peace.
the buildup of public pressure for war.
alleged Spanish mistreatment of Cuban civilians.
Americans tended to compare the Cuban insurrection with their own American Revolution.