Early Industrialization & Economic Growth (1)

Click on the correct answer

1 The rise of the Industrial Revolution led to?:
a rise in the standard of living for the working class.
the development of the middle class.
great difficulty for the workers in adapting to the new way of life.
all of these choices are correct.

2 The most profound economic development by mid-19c America was the?
development of a national banking system.
creation of corporations.
rise of the factory.
decline of the small-town merchant and general store.

3 The Erie Canal revolutionized domestic markets because it permitted the?:
shipment of wheat from Chicago to the Pacific Northwest.
transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterways.
movement of cotton from the Deep South to New England.
transport of gold from California to the east coast.

4 The following pairs match inventions with their inventors. Which pair is incorrectly matched?:
Samuel Slater -- standardized muskets.
Eli Whitney -- cotton gin.
James Watt -- steam engine.
Robert Fulton -- steamboat.

5 The situation of women and immigrants in the factory system was similar in that they both?:
were able to organize labor unions successfully.
were powerless to affect pay rates or working conditions.
saw conditions in their factories slowly improve.
found opportunities for rapid improvement.

6 By the first decade of the 19c, American manufacturing had been revolutionized by the advent of?:
labor unions.
transcontinental railroads.
mail-order catalogues.
the electric engine.
interchangeable machine parts.

7 Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the 19c?:
the German states.

8 The direction of the population movement that took place between 1790 and 1840 was from?:
the North to the South.
the Old Northwest back to New England.
New England to California.
the Atlantic coast to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi.
the South to the North.

9 In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that?:
slavery was unconstitutional in Massachusetts.
labor unions were not necessarily illegal combinations or monopolies.
Massachusetts tax money could not be used to support an unjust war against Mexico.
segregated schools for blacks in Massachusetts did not violate the U. S. Constitution.

10 What conflict in values emerged as America went through its market revolution?:
although Americans professed to believe in equality, the market revolution coupled with American materialistic pursuits led to great inequalities in wealth.
Americans had long enjoyed living in settled and stable communities, but transportation improvements led to much greater geographic mobility.
personal lifestyles prized by Northerners, who were more religious, differed from those of southerners, who were more materialistic--a distinction that national networks made obvious.
most farmers clung to Crevecoeur's ideal of a semi-subsistence way of life, despite the relentless reach of commercial networks.