Early Industrialization & Economic Growth (2)

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1 The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted from all of the following developments EXCEPT?:
technological advanced imported from England.
the appearance of better transportation systems.
monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories.
new inventions such as the cotton gin.

2 Marshall's decisions in Fletcher v. Peck and Dartmouth v. Woodward dealt with the?:
enforcement of federal law in the territories.
right of Indians to control their own lands.
sale of publicly held frontier lands.
protection of contracts from violation by state governments.

3 The paternalistic factory system of Lowell and Waltham did not lost long because?:
workers resented being watched over so carefully.
in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs.
unions undermined the owners' authority.
men found jobs in the factories, and they disliked the paternalistic system.

4 During the 1820s and 1830s, the growth of business was assisted by all of the following developments EXCEPT the?:
creation of a stable state banking system.
specialization of stores.
improvement in the distribution of goods.
emergence of new general incorporation laws.

5 All of the following were provisions of Clay's "American System" EXCEPT?:
high tariffs to protect infant industries.
federal financing of internal improvements.
low tariffs and state support of internal improvements.
a national bank with branches in the states.

6 The Industrial Revolution had which of the following effects on slavery in the South?:
the creation of numerous labor-saving machines vastly reduced the need for slave labor.
rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern planters to grow cotton, thereby making slavery more important to the economy.
the government bought and freed Southern slaves, then transported them to the North, where factories were experiencing a major labor shortage.
the Industrial Revolution began as the Civil War was ending and it provided work for many former slaves.
new farm machinery required slaves and masters to work more closely together, with a resulting reduction of mutual hostility.

7 Which was the most important immediate cause of the rise of manufacturing in the United States?:
growth of the textile industry.
New England water power.
stoppages of trade by the embargoes and the War of 1812.
patriotic appeals and the growth of nationalism.

8 The American system of manufacturing, which emerged in the early 1800s, was successful because of its use of?:
slave labor.
handsome, individually crafted, high-quality items.
the "putting out" system--distributing raw materials and collecting finished products for distribution.
early electric power to provide cheap energy for new factories.
interchangeable parts to allow for mass production of high-quality items.

9 The "Lowell System" refers to which of the following?:
employment of young women who were then housed in dormitories.
chattel slavery.
worker's cooperatives.
an early American labor union.
a business organization with limited liability for its owners.

10 Developments in transportation usually occurred in the following order?:
railroads --> flatboats --> canals --> turnpikes.
turnpikes --> canals --> flatboats --> steamboats.
turnpikes --> steamboats --> canals --> railroads.
canals --> turnpikes --> railroads --> steamboats.