Diplomacy in the Inter-War Years    (1)

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1 In 1933, the United States finally recognized the government of communist Russia, in part because the?:
United States hopes for substantial trade with Russia.
Soviet Union completely abandoned support of the Comintern.
communists had established their legitimacy through free elections.
United States felt it needed a new ally against Hitler.

2 The effect of the Neutrality Acts of 1935-1937 was to?:
halt all trade between the U. S. and belligerent nations.
encourage aggressor nations because they knew in advance that the U. S. would not become involved.
encourage trade between the United States and belligerent nations.
prevent United States involvement in European wars.
encourage peaceful settlement of problems between potentially belligerent nations.

3 The diplomatic strategy behind the Lend-Lease program was to?:
continue American neutrality at all costs during World War II.
support non-Communist nations at the close of World War II.
stimulate the growth of Third World nations' economies.
aid American business interests in Latin America.
support England's war efforts against Germany without the United States entering World War II.

4 The most accurate description of United States foreign policy toward Japan between 1900 and 1941 is that the United States?:
supported Japan's territorial ambitions.
attempted to restrict Japan's growth and power.
encouraged Japan to develop a strong industrial base.
lacked interest in Japanese policies.

5 The America First Committee?:
pushed for more aid to England and France in order to defend America.
urged an immediate declaration of war on Germany.
argued that a Nazi victory in Europe would pose no threat to American national security.
drew most of its support from the East and West Coasts and the South.

6 The high-tariff policy of the United States between the two world wars?:
triggered economic growth in the United States but stagnation in Europe.
created an abnormal speculative spiral on the U. S. stock market.
retarded the growth of manufacturing in the U. S.
hindered European nations from repaying their war debts to the U. S.
enabled the U. S. to recover from the Depression more rapidly than other countries.

7 The one obstacle to resolving American-Japanese during the 1941 negotiations was?:
control of the natural resources of southeast Asia.
Japanese occupation of China.
the embargo on war supplies to Japan.
the Japanese alliance with Germany and Italy.

8 The Latin American policies of Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt were similar in that both?:
were guided by the protectionism of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff.
intended to create a stable regime in Nicaragua.
intended to use force, if necessary, to protect American oil interests in Mexico.
advocated digging an isthmus canal in northern Nicaragua.
intended to decrease U. S. intervention there.

9 The United States responded to the Japanese seizure of Manchuria from China in 1931 by?:
issuing the Stimson Doctrine, which amounted to a moral lecture.
asking the League of Nations to condemn Japanese aggression.
doing nothing.
imposing trade sanctions against Japan.

10 As Italy invaded Ethiopia and Japan invaded China, the Roosevelt administration?:
encouraged the League of Nations to impose economic sanctions on the aggressor nations.
sent men, money, and material to the invaded countries.
limited its actions to feeble warnings and moral outrage.
joined the League of Nations in declaring war against the aggressor nations.

11 Which statement best represents the United States' response to reports of the German persecution of Jews?:
Americans overwhelmingly supported legislation to admit twenty thousand German refugee children.
the United States expressed sympathy for the plight of the Jews, and liberalized its restrictive immigration laws.
the United States sponsored the ship St. Louis to rescue 900 Jews for resettlement in America.
the United States expressed sympathy for the plight of the Jews, but refused to liberalize its restrictive immigration laws.

12 The purpose of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Four Freedoms speech was to?:
obtain a congressional declaration of war against Germany.
obtain a congressional declaration of war against Japan.
gain support for his Lend-Lease program.
assert complete American neutrality in the war in Europe.
set forth the terms under which Germany's surrender would be accepted.