Intellectual/Social/Cultural Movements: 1870s - 1914  (2)

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1 In a country hungry for news, American newspapers at the end of the 19c?:
became sensationalist.
printed hard-hitting editorials.
repudiated the tactics of Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.
came to rely less on syndicated material.

2 The Chautauqua movement was?:
an educational movement utilizing lectures and sermons.
a political movement advocating better wages and hours for workers.
an artistic movement which emphasized abstract forms.
a religious movement promoting Protestant missions.
a philosophical movement that defined truth in terms of results.

3 Which of the following became a major exponent of the architectural principle "form follows function"?:
Thomas Eakins.
Frank Lloyd Wright.
August Saint-Gaudens.
Winslow Homer.
Mary Cassatt.

4 In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court argued that?:
segregation on the basis of race was unconstitutional.
the Fourteenth Amendment outlawed practices that emphasized racial distinctions.
separate but equal laws would create separate but unequal facilities.
states could pass laws separating people on the basis of race as long as equal facilities was provided.

5 Which of the following groups, organized in the 1880s, reflected anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant sentiments?:
the American Protective Association.
the Liberty Party.
the Knights of Labor.
the National Civic Federation.
the Free Soilers.

6 Which of the following was among the objectives of Booker T. Washington?:
to keep up a constant agitation of questions of racial equality.
to encourage Blacks to be more militant in demanding their rights.
to encourage Blacks to work hard, acquire property, and prove they were worthy of their rights.
to urge blacks not to accept separate but equal facilities.
to form an organization to advance the rights of Blacks.

7 John Dewey was associated with?:
the establishment of the junior high school.
campaigning for child labor laws.
the "back-to-basics" movement.
progressive education.
the establishment of tax-supported public schools.

8 She was the Afro-American woman, born in slavery and later to become the respected editor of a newspaper, who fought hard against the campaign of lynching used in the south during the 1890s?:
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Ida B. Wells.
Harriet Tubman.
Dorothea Dix.
Ida Tarbell.

9 Horatio Alger?:
used in influence in Washington to get many of the federal government's large steel orders for Andrew Carnegie.
coined the term "survival of the fittest."
wrote rags-to-riches storied for boys.
was J. Pierpont Morgan's closest friend and financial adviser.

10 Which of the following accurately describes a trend in American society in the 1880s and 1890s?:
the middle class declined in numbers and influence.
the percentage of women in the labor force decreased.
most married women worked to support their families.
the workplace became more tightly organized and structured.
the wealthy avoided signs of self-indulgence.