The New Deal:  Domestic Policies    (1)

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1 Which of the following was NOT a reason given by President Franklin Roosevelt in his attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court?:
he believed he had a mandate after the 1936 election.
most Supreme Court justices were interpreting the Constitution too broadly.
he wanted to ease the work load of the Court's older members.
most of the Supreme Court justices were conservative.
the Court was declaring too many New Deal programs unconstitutional.

2 During the period of the New Deal, the program of organized labor was most successful in?:
unifying the labor movement.
restoring full employment to the economy.
removing obstacles to unionization.
securing a nationwide system of workers' compensation.
safeguarding unions from authoritarian control.

3 The Social Security program of 1935 provided which of the following?:
federally administered unemployment insurance.
old age pensions paid for by taxes on employers and workers.
unemployment insurance administered by the federal government.
federally administered assistance to the blind and disabled.
all of these choices are correct.

4 Most of the rationale for conservative opposition to the New Deal came from the argument that New Deal programs?:
raised taxes on the rich.
regulated the stock market.
favored the wealthy.
diminished the liberty of the individual.
favored agriculture over big business.

5 The Twenty-First Amendment, ratified in 1933, repealed the?:
progressive income tax.
prohibition on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
poll tax, literacy test, and other discriminatory voting restrictions.
"quota system" of immigration limitations.

6 The primary purpose of the Public Works Administration and the Works Progress Administration was?:
to provide employment through federal deficit spending.
to replace private enterprise, which had failed so dramatically in 1929.
to enable industries to plan production and control prices.
to nationalize the government's control of the work force.
to provide jobs for African Americans and other minorities.

7 The most enduring change that occurred in United States banking during the administration of Franklin Roosevelt was the?:
regular and repeated use of "bank holidays."
federal insurance of bank deposits.
nationalization of the banking system.
abolition of branch banking in the states.
rigid exclusion of large banks from the provision of venture capital.

8 In 1933, the purpose of the United States government in devaluing the dollar in terms of gold was to?:
raise domestic prices and make American goods cheaper abroad.
establish the gold standard.
stop excessive exports of American goods.
lower domestic prices and make American goods more expensive abroad.
reduce the ability of the gold-producing U. S. S. R. to exchange gold for industrial and military goods.

9 In addition to putting young men back to work, a principal purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps was to?:
limit population growth.
help young married couples buy homes on easy mortgage terms.
promote reforestation and land conservation.
provide an interracial living experience to promote harmony.

10 Dr. Francis Townsend gained notoriety as a critic of the New Deal with his?:
share-the-wealth program.
$200 per month pension plan for the elderly.
National Union for Social Justice.
running for president against Roosevelt in 1936.