Nixon & the Imperial Presidency   (1)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Watergate scandal grew out of the efforts of Nixon's confidants to?:
control all new appointments for the Supreme Court.
tighten the security against leaks to reporters on the Washington Post.
arrest the growing influence and power of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
assure the re-election of Nixon in 1972.
control inflation in the United States during the early 1970s.

2 The invasion of Cambodia by U. S. and South Vietnamese forces int he spring of 1970?:
resulted in a crushing defeat of the U. S. forces.
revived the domestic antiwar movement in the United States and led to large demonstrations.
was the last major encounter of the war involving U. S. troops.
led to Chinese intervention on the side of the North Vietnamese.

3 Richard Nixon's approach to China was to?:
isolate the mainland government because of its support for the north in the Vietnam War.
pressure the nationalist government of Taiwan to seek reunification with the mainland.
open to contact for the first time since 1949 by visiting China and beginning diplomatic relations short of full recognition.
try to stir Soviet-Chinese border conflict so that both nations would be preoccupied with each other and reduce tensions with the United States.

4                                       Nixon Must Surrender Tapes!
                                      Supreme Court Rules, 8 to 0!
                                      Nixon Pledges Full Compliance!

Which feature of the U. S. Constitution system is best illustrated by the above headlines?:
checks and balances.
power to grant pardons.
executive privilege.

5 All of the following occurred during the presidency of Richard Nixon EXCEPT?:
the Watergate break-in and consequent Congressional hearings.
the resignation of the vice-president.
diplomatic overtures to the People's Republic of China, including a presidential visit.
an attempt to end the Arab-Israeli conflict in the Near East through "Shuttle Diplomacy."
the fall of Saigon to the North Vietnamese.

6 The impeachment charges agreed upon by the House Judiciary Committee accused Nixon of all of the following EXCEPT?:
obstruction of justice.
misusing the FBI and CIA.
ordering the Watergate burglary.
payment of bribes.

7 Which of the following is generally regarded as THE major accomplishment of the Nixon administration?:
economic reforms.
new social programs.
environment regulations.
Supreme Court appointments.
détente with the Soviet Union and China.

8 The "Saturday Night Massacre"?:
resulted in the deaths of twelve Native American demonstrators.
was the name given the policy assault on student demonstrators at Columbia University.
resulted in the destruction of three Vietnamese villages and the killing of over 100 "suspected" Vietcong.
involved the firing of Archibald Cox, special prosecutor for the Watergate case.

9 Richard M. Nixon won the election of 1968 for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
Nixon could criticize the Democrats for involving the United States in Vietnam for four years with no end in sight.
Hubert Humphrey refused to distance himself from Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam policy.
Nixon could attack the wasteful and failed programs of the Great Society.
Nixon could appeal to the non-demonstrating, non-shouting, forgotten Americans.

10 Which of the following best describes the Nixon administration's response to the election of Salvador Allende as president Chile in 1970?:
the administration grudgingly recognized Allende's election once it was evident that the election was valid.
the administration acted through the CIA to disrupt the Chilean economy and encourage Allende's overthrow.
the administration extended supported to Allende in order to woo him away from Soviet influence.
the administration pressured other Latin American nations to join in a total boycott of Chilean goods.

11 American actions in the settlement of the Yom Kippur War of 1973 resulted in?:
an oil embargo against the United States by the Arab nations.
censure of the United States by the United Nations.
the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Jordan.
the closing of the Suez Canal.

12 The SALT I Agreement?:
arranged for the Soviet Union's purchase of at least $750 million in American grain over a three-year period.
brought about the end of the OPEC oil embargo.
called for a phased withdrawal of American missiles and troops in Europe, in exchange for a comparable Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.
limited the antiballistic missiles of the United States and the Soviet Union.