Reconstruction (2)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Reconstruction policies of the Radical Republicans were probably motivated by?:
a humanitarian concern for the former slaves.
hopes for Republican power in the South.
bitterness over having to fight the costly war.
all of these choices are correct.

2 Andrew Johnson narrowly avoided conviction on impeachment charges because?:
of his earlier cooperative attitude toward Congress.
Radical Republicans were beginning to support his policies.
some Republicans feared that removal would set a bad precedent for using impeachment as a political weapon against the Presidency.
only a minority of the Senate voted to convict.

3 The refusal of the South to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment?:
caused most northerners to support the Radicals' demand that more economic opportunity be extended to freedmen.
caused a thorough restructuring of southern society.
led to general land reform in the South.
forced the Republicans to abolish the existing southern governments, form new governments, and extend the vote to freedmen.

4 Which of the following best describes the defeat of the Ku Klux Klan?:
President Grant and the Justice Department used the Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 to put an end to Klan activity.
public outcry against Klan activities forced the Klan to disband.
the Justice Department, prosecuting under the Civil Rights Act of 1866, threw most of the Klan leaders in jail, thus breaking the back of the movement.
militias formed by the Radical regimes in the southern states chased the Klan from the cities and its membership then quickly declined.

5 In the years after the Civil War, most freedmen ended up working as?:
farmers on land they owned.
farmers under a sharecropper system.
wage laborers in the new textile mills.
itinerant day laborers in domestic and service jobs.

6 What brought the Radical and moderate Republicans together in an alliance against President Johnson?:
the president's vetoes of the Freedmen's Bureau bill and the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
realization by congressional Republicans that Johnson was delaying readmission of the former Confederate states.
the president's proposal for an agency that would provide relief, rations, and medical care for impoverished southerners.
a desire to send a message to northern Democrats that they could work together to rebuild the South.

7 The Thirteenth Amendment established?:
the right to vote for the ex-slaves.
the two-term presidency.
the income tax.
female suffrage.
the legal end of slavery in America.

8 The purpose of the Freedman's Bureau was to?:
gain the vote for the freed slave.
provide 40 acres and a mule for each slave.
get radical Republicans in positions of power in the South.
feed, adjust, and educate the former slaves, thus aiding their adjustment to freedom.
work against the Black Codes.

9 By the end of his presidency, Ulysses S. Grant's popularity had declined substantially because of?:
the corruption evident in his administration.
his harsh and brutal policies toward the South.
his support for "greenback" monetary policies.
revelations about his poor military leadership during the Civil War.
his refusal to support the Radicals in Congress.

10 The "Compromise of 1877" did which of the following?:
secured political rights for the freedmen.
granted political amnesty to former Confederate leaders.
ended federal military support of Republican administrations in the South.
provided for a new method of counting the presidential electoral vote.
restored the Southern states to the Union.

11 This Amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery?: