The Roaring '20s through Hoover    (1)

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1 Which of the following characterized the economy of the 1920s?:
an emphasis on heavy industry, such as the production of locomotives.
a drop in the real wages of workers.
increasing wealth for the agricultural sector.
an emphasis on cash rather than credit purchases.
a shift to the production of consumer goods.

2 Prohibition failed because?:
organized crime controlled illegal liquor production.
many Americans believed the law interfered with their personal freedom.
rural America failed to support it.
it adversely affected American productivity.
the costs of enforcing it were too expensive.

3 By the end of the 1920s, what had become the nation's largest industry?:

4 All of the following characterized the writing of the "Lost Generation" EXCEPT?:
disillusionment with materialism and consumerism.
heroes as flawed as the villains they struggle against.
an acceptance of decadence as the best way to survive in post-World War I society.
a sense of lost values and purpose.
repugnance at the loss of spirituality in society.

5 Which of the following best describes the administrations of Warren harding and Calvin Coolidge?:
The trusts must be broken!
The only thing we have to fear is fear itself!
The business of government is business!
The taste of empire is in the mouths of the people!
The world must be made safe for democracy!

6 The most important problem faced by the Democratic party in the 1920s was?:
a serious split between urban and rural wings of the party.
the party was losing its traditional strength in the South.
the fact that recent immigrants no longer tended to support the party.
the restriction of immigration reduced the number of recruits to the party.

7 The conclusion of the Sacco and Vanzetti case suggested that?:
the two men were clearly guilty.
many Americans had an unreasonable fear of radicals and foreigners.
African Americans could not get a fair trial in most southern states.
the two men needed better legal representation.

8 The union movement weakened in the 1920s because?:
overall wage rates rose steadily in the 1920s.
the older craft-based pattern of union organization was ill-suited to the new mass-production industries.
management was hostile to labor organizing.
all of these choices are correct.

9 A major cause of the Great Depression was?:
the stock market crash.
the inability of wages to keep pace with production increases.
reliance upon a single metallic base for currency.
the inability of production to keep pace with wage increases.
federal budget increases during the New Deal.

10 An important result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act was?:
an increase in farm income.
a great increase in the development of foreign trade.
a general improvement in business conditions.
tariff reprisals from a number of foreign countries.
new prosperity for factory workers in the United States.