American Society Since 1970  (1)

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1 Which of the following statements about blacks in American society during the 1970s and 1980s is supported by the evidence?:
socially and economically, black Americans were as thoroughly integrated into American society as was possible.
integration in America was so advanced that federal intervention was no longer necessary to continue the process.
blacks had become such a crucial voting bloc in all regions of the nation that the gains of the civil rights movement could never be undone.
two black Americas emerged during these years, one consisting of very poor blacks and the other of an increasingly affluent black middle class.

2 The right-to-life movement succeeded in?:
creating a constitutional amendment banning abortions.
helping to defeat pro-choice politicians and achieving restrictions on abortions.
getting the Stewart v. Freeman case to the Supreme Court.
all of these choices are correct.

3 The Women's Strike of 1970 and the women's movement of the 1970s centered on three central demands. Which one was NOT one of the three?:
the removal of the "glass ceiling" in 20% of all corporate management positions.
equality for women in employment and education.
child care centers throughout the nation.
women's control over their bodies, including the right to abortion.

4 In Bakke v. University of California, the Supreme Court?:
outlawed quotas and upheld the principle of affirmative action.
upheld quotas and outlawed the principle of affirmative action.
outlawed quotas and the principle of affirmative action.
upheld quotas and the principles of affirmative action.

5 By 1980, the American economy was beginning to show a pattern of?:
increased per-worker productivity.
massive reinvestment in capital industry.
a significant shift from industrial to service employment.
permanent prosperity.

6 The most important method of the 1970s designed to overcome segregation in the schools was?:
state court-mandated desegregation of the real estate market.
federal court-ordered busing.
voluntary desegregation of schools, with a state court oversight.
federal court-mandated desegregation of the real estate market.

7 The baby-boom generation will create a major problem in the future by?:
placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system.
producing an even larger generation of children than itself.
creating a housing surplus.
causing immigration restrictions to be imposed upon many deserving people.

8 Which of the following statements is most consistent with the Supreme Court's ruling in Roe v. Wade?:
there is no inherent right to privacy embodied in the Constitution; thus, a state may prohibit the sale of contraceptives.
the right to privacy is guaranteed by the Constitution; thus, a state does not have the power to regulate sexual acts between consenting adults.
the Constitution protects a woman's decision about whether to have an abortion up to the last three months of pregnancy.
the Constitution protects the rights of the fetus over the rights of the mother after the first three months of pregnancy.

9 A striking feature of the new wealth of the 1980s was?:
the extent to which people put their money into savings accounts.
the degree to which wealth came from moving assets around rather than from creating goods.
how many new industries were created during the decade.
all of these choices are correct.

10 Anti-feminism achieved its greatest victory in?:
blocking ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment.
getting governments to refuse to pay for abortions under Medicaid.
creating the National Organization for Women.
getting Congress to pass the Dependent Woman Tax Act, giving tax benefits to dependent women.

11 In the 1985 case of County of Oneida v. Oneida Indian Nation, the Supreme Court's decision raised the possibility that?:
social discrimination against Native Americans might be outlawed by Congress.
Native Americans might gain full civil rights under the Constitution.
tribal laws might gain full legal sanction within reservations.
Native Americans might reclaim land lost when the federal government violated old treaties.

12 Evangelical Protestants and conservative Catholics in the 1980s and 1990s generally agreed on all of the following issues EXCEPT?:
federal aid to religious schools.
opposition to abortion.
political participation by the clergy.
the AIDS disease might be understood as the consequences of immorality.

13 Which of the following was true of women in American society by the mid-1980s?:
they no longer had to contend with occupational segregation.
most adult women worked for pay outside the home.
the earnings gap between women workers and men workers disappeared.
most new mothers left the job market permanently.