Truman & the Beginning of the Cold War    (1)

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1 The essential element of the policy of containment was?:
a commitment to rolling back communism.
a rejection of involvement in affairs outside the Western Hemisphere.
a commitment to holding communism within the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
a commitment to working with the Soviet Union.
a commitment to fight a defensive war against the Japanese while taking the offensive against Germany.

2 Truman's response to the Berlin Blockade was to?:
abandon the Western-occupied portions of Berlin.
give up plans for uniting the three Western zones of Germany.
use military force to break the blockade of land routes into Berlin.
airlift all necessary supplies into Berlin for almost a year.

3 The main economic problem faced by President Truman in his first term was?:
falling prices.
a dwindling money supply.
tight credit.

4 The Marshall Plan could be be understood as part of an American desire to?:
make communism less appealing to Europeans creating economic prosperity.
assemble a military alliance against the Soviet Union.
maintain Western Europe in a state of permanent economic dependence on the United States.
permanently eliminate the possibility of a threat from an industrialized Germany.
end the nation's postwar depression by creating viable economic competitors in Europe.

5 President Truman contributed to the anti-Communist fear after the Second World War by?:
recommending that "pro-Communist" books be removed from the nation's libraries and bookstores.
ordering investigations into the loyalty of federal employees.
claiming that all liberal Democrats were Communist sympathizers.
releasing classified information revealing an international Communist conspiracy.

6 Harry Truman aided the cause of civil rights by?:
denouncing Southern support in the 1948 presidential election.
desegregating the armed forces.
integrating the public schools.
ordering non-discrimination in a all defense contracts.
integrating restaurants, movie theaters, and interstate travel.

7 The United Nations was able to provide military assistance to South Korea in 1950 because?:
the USSR opposed the North Korean invasion of the South.
the United States outvoted the Soviet Union.
the USSR boycotted the session of the Security Council at which the decision was made.
the General Assembly approved the decision.
other nations in Southeast Asia pledged their support.

8 The removal of General Douglas MacArthur from command of the United States-United Nations forces during the Korean War exemplifies the constitutional principle of?:
separation of powers.
federal supremacy.
freedom of speech.
civilian control of the military.
impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors.

9 Most of Truman's Fair Deal program?:
met defeat at the hands of a coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats.
was defeated by filibuster tactics.
was passed by a combination of liberal Republicans and Northern Democrats.
was passed after long debate.

10 The Taft-Harley Act of 1947 provided for all of the following EXCEPT?:
permitting employers to sue unions.
requiring a sixty-day cooling off period before strikes.
permitting union contributions to political campaigns.
requiring unions to make public financial statements.
requiring union leaders to take oaths that they were not Communist party members.