World War I  (1)

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1 American involvement in World War I brought about which of the following social and economic changes in the United States?:
extensive black migration to the North.
decline of trade unions.
a loosening of controls on freedom of speech.
reduction of the number of women in the workplace.
a strengthening of anti-trust laws.

2 Which of the following was most crucial in bringing about U. S. participation in World War I?:
British propaganda.
German use of submarines against merchant and passenger ships.
revelation of a German proposal to Mexico for a joint war against the United States.
German violation of Belgian neutrality.
German atrocities against French and Belgian civilians in the occupied areas of those countries.

3 The Sedition Act of 1918 was most often used to punish?:
persons who criticized the war effort.
rich progressives who did not contribute money to the war effort.
groups organized by George Creel to drive Bolsheviks and Germans out of the cities.
members of the press from the Hearst and Pulitzer syndicates.
Egyptians, Iranians, and others emigrating from the Middle East to the United States.

4 Germany's notorious Zimmermann telegram?:
promised a temporary halt to submarine warfare.
apologized for the sinking of the Lusitania.
warned the United States not to send merchant ships to belligerent nations.
rejected U. S. efforts for a truce in the fighting.
proposed an alliance with Mexico if the United States declared war on Germany.

5 Woodrow Wilson failed to obtain ratification of the Versailles Treaty because?:
a majority of the senators opposed the Treaty and the League of Nations under any circumstances.
he made too many compromises with the Republican opposition.
he was unwilling to make any compromise with Senator Henry Cabot Lodge.
the Republican senators wanted a stronger League of Nations.
he was unwilling to publicly campaign for the Treaty.

6 The Red Scare of 1919 was influenced by all of the following EXCEPT?:
the October Russian Revolution.
labor strikes in several areas of the United States.
terrorist bombings.
the continuation of World War I.
formation of the American Communist Party.

7 Evidence that labor played a key role during World War I may be supported by all of the following EXCEPT?:
the AFL, led by Samuel Gompers, actively supported the war effort.
despite labor cooperation, there were thousands of strikes (none of them major) during World War I.
women for the first time entered the labor force in large numbers during the war.
blacks came North in large numbers to fill the ranks of labor in mining, steel production, and transportation.

8 As a result of their work supporting the war effort, women?:
finally received the right to vote.
in large numbers secured a permanent foothold in the work force.
were allowed to join the Air Force.
all of these choices are correct.

9 In the first few years after World War I, relations between blacks and whites in America were generally characterized by?:
grudging acceptance due to common economic distress.
relative cordiality due to the gallant service of blacks in the war.
notable improvement due to new legal safeguards for blacks, which had been enacted during the Progressive Era.
extreme resentment, race riots, and numerous lynchings.

10 All were true of the impact of World War I on the federal government EXCEPT?:
centralized management along the lines of Roosevelt's Square Deal accelerated the creation of the modern bureaucratic state.
the national debt multiplied tenfold.
the Supreme Court struck down acts of Congress that curtailed American civil liberties.
government-sponsored propaganda promoted psychological and social conformity.

11 Which of the following statements is most consistent with the Supreme Court's ruling in Schenck v. U. S.?:
the government's seizure and operation of the railroad industry is a constitutional use of its wartime powers.
the government can restrict the First Amendment right to free speech in time of war.
the government's prohibition of the manufacture and sale of distilled liquor is a constitutional use of its wartime powers.
the government does have the power to compel young men to serve in the armed forces during time of war.

12 From the Red Scare of 1919 and 1920, it became clear that?:
large numbers of Soviet agents had infiltrated the federal government.
communism tended to gain influence in times of economic prosperity.
loyalty oaths helped to prevent espionage.
people's fears of disloyalty could lead to the erosion of civil liberties.