World War I   (2)

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1 Those who question whether U. S. policy from 1914-1916 was truly neutral point to?:
the sinking of unarmed ships by German submarines.
the president's prejudices on racial issues.
increased U. S. trade with Britain and France.
the reelection of President Woodrow Wilson.
Germany's secret diplomacy with Mexico.

2 During World War I, thousands of blacks moved north because?:
the best-paying jobs were located in the industrialized North.
they would be better protected by northern anti-lynching laws.
northern cities had finally started to desegregate.
southerners finally allowed them to leave.

3 Which statement best describes the "Irreconcilables" during the debate over the Treaty of Versailles?:
they opposed the Treaty because it failed to adequately protect national minorities in eastern Europe.
they supported the Treaty if certain changes were made on the reparations issue.
they were opposed to American participation in the League of Nations on any terms.
they were willing to accept the Treaty if limitations were placed on U. S. participation in the League of Nations.
they accepted the Treaty as presented by Wilson but refused to make any changes.

4 The Creel Commission during World War I represented the United States' first successful attempt at large-scale governmental?:
armament manufacture.
food production.
railroad management.

5 Such expressions as "liberty cabbage" and "liberty sausage," as used during World War I, were an indication of?:
food shortages.
American hostile reaction to things German.
American food relief to Belgium.
American patriotic fervor to increase the food supply by planting home "victory gardens."

6 President Woodrow Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to?:
reestablish the balance of power in European diplomacy.
expand America's territorial holdings.
rebuild its dangerously small military and naval forces.
shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy.

7 Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918?:
criticism of government leaders or war policies was a crime.
there were 25 prosecutions and 10 convictions.
speaking and writing against Germany and Italy was a crime.
censorship was aimed more at "middle America" than at Socialists or other radicals.

8 President Wilson's response to the sinking of the Lusitania?:
was to sever diplomatic ties with Germany.
included a speech in which he said that if Germany was responsible for the killing of any more Americans, then a state of war would exist between the United States and Germany.
was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations.
was conciliatory.

9 President Woodrow Wilson sent thousands of troops to Russia in 1918 to?:
subvert the new Russian Bolshevik government.
act as a peacekeeping force in the Russian civil war.
aid the new Russian government against Japanese aggression.
counter Russian aggression against Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

10 The global Spanish flu epidemic of 1918?:
struck the United States earlier in 1913.
killed five times the number of Americans as died of combat deaths in France.
ended suddenly in 1914.
all of these choices are correct.

11 The Red Scare of 1919-1920 was most influenced by?:
massive steel strikes in western Pennsylvania.
the shock of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the actions of a "lunatic fringe" in the U. S.
the demobilization of the American army.
the tremendous growth of the Socialist party during World War I.

12 What was the primary focus of United States foreign policy in the decade after World War I?:
to defend the price of freedom of the seas.
to reduce United States commitments to other nations.
to contain the spread of communism in Eastern Europe.
to fulfill collective security agreements with Western European nations.