World War II  (1)

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1 The United States during World War II adopted all of the following strategies EXCEPT?:
unconditional surrender.
an eventual second front by invading Europe.
victory in the European area first.
support of de Gaulle's Free French forces.
use of atomic bombs on Germany and Japan.

2 During World War II, women did all of the following EXCEPT?:
work in factories.
reaffirm traditional patterns for women's lives.
establish themselves as a vital part of the economy.
participate in the war effort.
define a new role in society.

3 The Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway were significant in?:
saving the Philippines from being invaded.
thwarting the Japanese army's drive through Burma.
stemming the tide of Japanese advances in the Pacific.
driving the last vestiges of American sea power from the Pacific.

4 One of the most important domestic results of the war effort was?:
complete employment for minority Americans.
the end of discrimination for African Americans.
the revitalization of the Federal Reserve System and the Securities and Exchange System.
the swift ending of the Great Depression.

5 Attitudes in the United States toward Jews fleeing persecution in Europe during World War II were reflected in the?:
refusal to relax immigration restrictions for Jews.
emotional welcome given the passengers aboard the St. Louis.
monetary and legal assistance given to Jews for immigration.
acceptance of Jews in the United States.

6 Franklin D. Roosevelt departed from Woodrow Wilson's wartime practices when he?:
made public our general war aims before the enemy's surrender.
traveled overseas to make plans for the peace settlement.
included members of both political parties in the delegation to the San Francisco Conference.
engaged actively in political campaigning during the war.
put great emphasis on a postwar international organization to preserve peace.

7 During the Second World War, African Americans?:
moved from the North to the South to fill vacated agricultural jobs.
fought in a segregated military.
received support from the Roosevelt administration for civil rights legislation.
were not allowed to fight in the military.

8 Which of the following was agreed to at the Yalta Conference (1945)?:
the invasion of Sicily.
the establishment of a Council of Foreign Ministers to draft peace treaties.
a commitment to open a second front in France.
an agreement to divide Germany into four military zones.
the Soviet Union agreed to enter the war against Japan once Germany was defeated.

9 To ensure that Russia would join the war against Japan, President Roosevelt in 1945?:
threatened to use the atomic bomb on Russian targets.
gave Russia the secrets of the American atomic bomb.
promised to assume half of the Russian war debt.
made certain secret agreements concerning Russian territorial demands.

10 The increase in the number of Mexican Americans employed in the United States during the early 1940s resulted from?:
wartime labor shortages.
better relations between them and the Anglo-American population.
better living conditions in the cities.
large-scale government programs to reduce discrimination.

11 What happened to the New Deal during World War II?:
since wartime spending brought recovery, neither Roosevelt nor Congress thought the New Deal was needed any more.
an anti-New Deal coalition moved to end many New Deal programs, and the president adapted to the new political environment.
although cloaked in wartime labels, several additional New-Deal style agencies were in fact created to provide relief, recovery, and reform.
all of these choices are correct.

12 Which of the following was the MAJOR reason President Truman used to justify his decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945?:
he felt it would shorten the war and eliminate the need for an invasion of Japan.
he wanted to send a strong warning message to the Russians to watch their step in the Pacific after Japan was defeated.
he believed it would be an appropriate revenge for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
he felt it would end up saving Japanese civilian lives, when compared to the casualties expected from an invasion of Japan.
once the bomb was completed, Truman felt he had to use it in order to justify the huge investments in time, resources, scientific expertise, and expense involved in developing it.